Orchard Firmware Developer's Guide
Orchard Firmware Developer's Guide
For the sake of convenience, Orchard firmware development, including compilation, flashing, and manufacturing provisioning is all done with a single tool: A Raspberry Pi.
- Raspberry Pi 2 Model B with 8 GB microSD card
- Firmware image: Raspberry pi Orchard development SD disk image
- A Linux machine to write the initial firmware image out
- Jumper cables, 5-wire (for SWD) and 2-wire (for UART), going between male 0.1" headers.
1. Download the RPi firmware image (~2GiB).
2. Image the downloaded firmware onto an SD card using the following Linux command: (This may take about 10 minutes)
zcat orchard-pi-dev.img.gz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX bs=1M # for SD cards mounted via USB adapters
zcat orchard-pi-dev.img.gz | sudo dd of=/dev/mmcblkX bs=1M # for machines with directly accessible SD cards
Note that /dev/sdX is the device node of the SD card as mounted on your Linux system. If you don't know what we're talking about, be careful, because if you pick the wrong /dev/sdX node you'll end up destroying your local system boot disk.
3. Insert card into RPi and boot.
4. Figure out the IP address of the RPi and ssh into it. This is probably the hardest step.
- Here's a guide to figuring out your IP address
- One method is to access the local router configuration page and query the DHCP client list and look for the rasperrypi client. This works if you're in a home environment where you have access to the local DHCP server
- If you don't have access to that, you can plug in an HDMI monitor and keyboard and find the IP address using ifconfig
- A final method is to use nmap to scan for the IP address
- Another solution is to use zeroconf. The image provided runs zeroconf and if your local system supports that. Linux users should install avahi-dnsconfd. Windows users will need to install bonjour printing services. If you have zeroconf, you should be able to run
And the system will automatically find it (assuming it's the only Pi on the network, additional Pi's get a hyphenated numeral after the raspberrypi name)
Either way, the credentials are "pi" and "raspberry" for the username and password.
5. Wire up your raspberry pi to the orchard dev board.
Be careful to not use the two pins closest to the outside corner of the board. They have 5V on them and will damage orchard if you wire it up to its signal pins.
If you're unsure, here's some photos of the orchard-raspberry pi connection.
6. Plug power into the orchard dev board via the microUSB cable.
Build your firmware image
1. Update your source code
cd orchard-src git pull
2. Build an image
cd ~/orchard-src/orchard make -j4
Note: If you're using an alternate keyboard or board version from the default Makefile (currently BC1/EVT1B), specify the version as follows in the environment variable:
make -j4 KEY_LAYOUT=BM BOARD_REV=EVT1
Start openocd, the connection between the Rpi host and the Orchard target CPU:
sudo openocd -f sysfsgpio-rpi.cfg &
If you've wired up the boards correctly, you should see this somewhere in the log:
Info : SWD IDCODE 0x0bc11477
The correct IDCODE means we can see the CPU over the SWD debug port.
On a blank device (factory new or mass-erased), you will need to provision an initial firmware image.
The Kinetis W repeatedly stabs itself in the eye when the Flash is empty, and will not work with GDB until it has something valid to run. The current procedure involves using a telnet protocol to run openOCD commands directly to provision an initial image:
telnet localhost 4444
Once in the telnet session, use these commands:
reset halt program build/orchard.elf reset
Once the initial image is provisioned, you can connect via gdb.
gdb build/orchard.elf target remote localhost:3333
From this point, you can use all your usual gdb commands: breakpoints, running, source code listing, disassembly, variable inspection, single-stepping, etc. etc. For a list of common gdb commands, see Orchard gdb cheatsheet
If when you try to connect via GDB, you see this message:
(gdb) target remote localhost:3333 Remote debugging using localhost:3333 Info : accepting 'gdb' connection on tcp/3333 Warn : Cannot communicate... target not halted. Error: auto_probe failed
You need to halt the CPU manually. You can do this by doing
telnet localhost 4444 reset halt exit
And then running the gdb command again.
To talk to the serial console, open another window (perhaps via a second ssh session) and type this command:
screen /dev/ttyAMA0 115200
You should see a "ch>" prompt if you hit enter.
To exit the screen session, type cntrl-A \ y