Debian jessie bootstrap
These instructions assume you are starting from the image located at http://bunniefoo.com/xobs/novena-recovery-image.img.gz , and you are intending to install Jessie to an attached SATA hard drive.
This is a low-level dd image that includes bootloader and partition table with a recovery image, and it's meant to target a 4GiB microSD card. You can create the image by doing
zcat novena-recovery-image.img.gz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX bs=1M
To activate the recovery image, you must hold down the "user" button while powering on or resetting the board, otherwise the system will attempt to boot from the attached hard drive.
After booting into the recovery image, create your target filesystem using mkfs.ext4, and mount the respective partition at, for our example purposes, /mnt
debootstrap jessie /mnt
After completion you'll need to install a minimal set of networking protocols for the next step:
chroot /mnt apt-get install bluetooth
Install network manager:
chroot /mnt apt-get install network-manager
chroot /mnt apt-get install ntpdate
chroot /mnt apt-get install openssh-server
Copy over config files:
cp -r /var/lib/bluetooth /mnt/var/lib/ # grab your bluetooth keyboard config cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /mnt/etc/X11/ # grab mode configs cp -r /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections /mnt/etc/NetworkManager/ # grab any local network settings
Set your root password (or you won't be able to login):
chroot /mnt passwd root
Reconfigure your keyboard (e.g. if you type dvorak):
chroot /mnt apt-get install console-data # choose "select keymap from full list" chroot /mnt apt-get install keyboard-configuration
Reboot the system and fix up the broken installs due to dbus errors (if you're using a bluetooth keyboard you have have to bootstrap this through an ssh connection due to dbus errors):
sudo apt-get install -f
Fix up any console keyboard mapping issues by running
dpkg-reconfigure console-data # had difficulty getting all the triggers to run in chroot
Patch up control/caps lock -- it pisses me off
cd /etc/console gzip -d boottime.kmap.gz vi boottime.kmap # replace "keycode 58 = Caps_Lock" with "keycode 58 = Control", wq gzip boottime.kmap loadkeys /etc/console/boottime.kmap.gz
vi /etc/default/keyboard # modify line XKBOPTIONS="ctrl:nocaps"
It's recommended you install avahi
apt-get install avahi-daemon avahi-dnsconfd # to get .local logins
Now install a window manager. I like xfce4.
apt-get install task-xfce-desktop
Give it a reboot, and you should be welcomed with a login window + desktop.
Other packages you'll probably want
sudo build-essential i2c-tools screen less emacs rsync lzop # needed to build kernels u-boot-tools # needed to build u-boot libi2c-dev clang # all the cool kids are doing it git # duh
You will also want to make sure you add your user account to the following groups (via the vigr and vigr -s command):
pulse # for audio i2c # for all kinds of hacking audio # for audio dialout # to talk to the power control board video # to make arandr work sudo # yep.